HUBUNGAN ASUPAN LEMAK, SERAT, NATRIUM, KALIUM, DAN KALSIUM TERHADAP HIPERTENSI PADA REMAJA DI KOTA PALEMBANG

SHAFIRA, JIHAN NATRA and Kurnianto, Andra and Parulian, Theodorus (2019) HUBUNGAN ASUPAN LEMAK, SERAT, NATRIUM, KALIUM, DAN KALSIUM TERHADAP HIPERTENSI PADA REMAJA DI KOTA PALEMBANG. Undergraduate thesis, Sriwijaya University.

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Abstract

Background: Hypertension is a condition characterized by a rise in systemic arterial blood pressure above the threshold/normal value. The incidence of hypertension can increase due to various risk factors. High intake of dietary fats and sodium, and low of intake of fibers, potassium and calcium are some risk factors of hypertension. Inadequate intake of nutrients is often ignored by adolescents because of their irregular eating patterns. This study aim was to determine the relationship between fat, fiber, sodium, potassium and calcium intake with hypertension among adolescent. Methods: A cross sectional study has been conducted in Palembang from July to December 2019. A total of 475 samples were taken by proportioned stratified random sampling technique who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Data was taken by measuring blood pressure and using a food recall questionnaire for 3 days, then it was estimated through the nutrisurvey software. The data were analyzed by chi square test. Results: This study showed that the incidence of hypertension among adolescent was 23.4%. There was no significant relationship between fiber intake (p = 1,000, OR = 1,844), sodium intake (p = 0,255, OR = 1,602) potassium intake (p = 1,000, OR = 1,532) and calcium intake (p = 0,316, OR = 3,750) with hypertension. A significant relationship was found between fat intake and hypertension (p = 0,000, OR = 3,425). Conclusion: There was a significant relationship between fat intake and hypertension, and there was no significant relationship between dietary fiber, sodium, potassium and calcium intake with hypertension among adolescents in Palembang.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Asupan lemak, Serat, Natrium, Kalium, Kalsium, Hipertensi, Remaja
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R735-854 Medical education. Medical schools. Research
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > 11201-Medicine (S1)
Depositing User: Jihan Natra Shafira
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2020 07:35
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2020 07:35
URI: http://repository.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/23723

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