FAKTOR-FAKTOR RISIKO PNEUMONIA PADA ANAK: STUDI DEKSRIPTIF RAWAT INAP DI RSUP DR. MOHAMMAD HOESIN DAN RSUD PALEMBANG BARI

TIYANINGRUM, SELLY and Aruf, Azwar and Ikhsan, Diyaz Syauki (2020) FAKTOR-FAKTOR RISIKO PNEUMONIA PADA ANAK: STUDI DEKSRIPTIF RAWAT INAP DI RSUP DR. MOHAMMAD HOESIN DAN RSUD PALEMBANG BARI. Undergraduate thesis, Sriwijaya University.

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Abstract

ABSTRAK FAKTOR-FAKTOR RISIKO PNEUMONIA PADA ANAK: Studi Deskriptif Rawat Inap di RSUP Dr. Mohammad Hoesin dan RSUD Palembang Bari (Selly Tiyaningrum, Januari 2020, 83 halaman) Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Sriwijaya Latar Belakang: Pneumonia merupakan salah satu penyebab kematian tertinggi pada anak berusia kurang dari lima tahun di negara berkembang, di Indonesia pneumonia merupakan penyebab kematian terbesar kedua setelah diare. Faktor risiko pneumonia pada anak meliputi jenis kelamin, usia, berat badan lahir, vitamin A, imunisasi, kebiasaan merokok di keluarga, asi eksklusif, pengetahuan asi dan ventilasi udara. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui frekuensi faktor risiko pneumonia pada anak di RSUP Dr. Mohammad Hoesin dan RSUD Palembang Bari. Metode: Teknik total sampling digunakan pada penelitian deskriptif observasional ini. Sampel penelitian berupa data primer menggunakan kuesioner diisi oleh orang tua/ wali yang memiliki anak dengan diagnosis pneumonia di RSUP Dr. Mohammad Hoesin dan RSUD Palembang Bari pada Desember 2019. Hasil: Dari 46 pasien, didapatkan pneumonia anak paling banyak pada usia 0-5 tahun (91.3%) berjenis kelamin perempuan (52.2%) dan dengan berat badan lahir cukup/ normal (63.0%). Anak yang mendapatkan vitamin A yaitu 52.2% dan yang tidak mendapat imunisasi lengkap sesuai usia yaitu 56.5%. Kebiasaan merokok keluarga yang berat didapatkan terbanyak yaitu 56.5%. Anak yang tidak mendapatkan ASI ekslusif yaitu 56.5% dan orang tua dengan pengetahuan ASI yang buruk yaitu 60.9%. Pasien paling banyak ditemukan pada kebersihan rumah yang buruk yaitu 60.9% dan dengan tingkat ventilasi rumah yang baik yaitu 71.7%. Kesimpulan: Pada penelitian ini masih banyak anak di bawah usia 5 tahun mengalami pneumonia, dengan orang tua yang tidak memberikan imunisasi dasar sesuai usia, prilaku atau kebiasaan merokok pada keluarga yang buruk, dan tingkat kebersihan rumah yang buruk. Kata kunci: pneumonia anak, faktor risiko, rawat inap ABSTRACT THE RISK FACTORS OF PNEUMONIA IN CHILDREN: A Descriptive Study of Inpatient at RSUP Dr. Mohammad Hoesin and RSUD Palembang Bari (Selly Tiyaningrum, January 2020,83 pages) Faculty of Medicine, Sriwijaya University Background: Pneumonia was one of the highest cause of death in children aged less than five years in developing countries, as in Indonesia, pneumonia is the second highest cause of death after diarrhea. Risk factors for pneumonia in children were gender, age, birth weight, vitamin A supplemetary, immunization, smoking habits in the family, exclusive breastfeeding (EBF), EBF knowledge, and air ventilation. This study aimed to determine the frequencies of pneumonia risk factors in children at Dr. Mohammad Hoesin General Hospital and Palembang Bari Hospital. Methods: Total sampling method was used in this descriptive observational study. The samples were primary data taken by a questionnaire to parents or trustee of the children with diagnosis of pneumonia. Results: From about 46 patients of pneumonia found most in children aged 0-5 years (91.3%) were girls (52.2%) and with normal/enough birth weight (63.0%). Children with vitamin A supplementary were 52.2% and those with incomplete immunization history according to their age were 56.5%. The most severe family smoking habit was 56.5%. Children who didn’t get EBF were 56.5% and those who have parents/ trustee with poor EBF knowledge were 60.9%. Patients were most often found in poor home hygiene which was 60.9% and with a good home ventilation rate which was 71.7%. Conclusion: In this study there were still so many children under the age of 5 years who were diagnosed pneumonia, with parents who didn’t provide basic immunization according to age, poor family behavior or smoking habits, and poor levels of home hygiene. Keywords: pneumonia in children, risk factors, inpatient

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: pneumonia anak, faktor risiko, rawat inap
Subjects: R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ1-570 Pediatrics
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ370-550 Diseases of children and adolescents
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > 11201-Medicine (S1)
Depositing User: Selly Tiyaningrum
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2020 02:56
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2020 02:56
URI: http://repository.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/24531

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