ANALISIS EFEKTIVITAS VAKSIN BCG TERHADAP PENCEGAHAN KEJADIAN TUBERKULOSIS PADA ANAK DI PUSKESMAS 7 ULU KOTA PALEMBANG

ZUARDY, MUTIARA ANGGRAINI and Fadilah, Mariatul and Roflin, Eddy (2020) ANALISIS EFEKTIVITAS VAKSIN BCG TERHADAP PENCEGAHAN KEJADIAN TUBERKULOSIS PADA ANAK DI PUSKESMAS 7 ULU KOTA PALEMBANG. Undergraduate thesis, Sriwijaya University.

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Abstract

Background: According to data from the Department of Health in 2017, in South Sumatra, there were 1070 cases of tuberculosis in children in 2017, namely 605 cases in boys and 465 cases in girls. Immunization is one form of control efforts carried out by deliberately giving an immunity (immunity) to infants or children so as to avoid the disease to suppress the incidence of infectious disease cases. In Indonesia, BCG immunization is a basic immunization which means it must be obtained in children that have been determined by the government. The benefits of BCG vaccine are to prevent tuberculosis in children while reducing the incidence of tuberculosis in children. BCG vaccine is said to be effective or successful if someone does not suffer from tuberculosis. Methods: This research was an observational descriptive study with a cross-sectional approach. Samples were taken using total sampling techniques and obtained 287 research subjects. The list of subjects was obtained from children who received the BCG vaccination in 7 Ulu community health center for the period of 1 January 2018 - 31 December 2018. The data obtained will be processed and analyzed descriptively analytically then presented in tabular form, and a description based on research variables. Statistical calculations will be performed using the Statistical Product & Service Solution (SPSS) program. Result: Research subjects who received BCG immunization were 286 (99.7%) children. There is 1 (0.3%) children who do not get BCG immunization. Research subjects who suffered from tuberculosis were 4 (1.4%) children and 280 (97.6%) children did not suffer from tuberculosis. From the 4 children who have TB, one of them is a child with a history of not immunizing BCG. Conclusion: From the BCG vaccine efficacy formula, 96% results were obtained, which showed that the effectiveness of the BCG vaccine was included in the effective category (90-99%). Keyword: BCG vaccine, Tuberculosis.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: BCG vaccine, Tuberculosis.
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA638 Immunity and immunization in relation to public health
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > 11201-Medicine (S1)
Depositing User: Mutiara Anggraini
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2020 06:31
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2020 06:31
URI: http://repository.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/24807

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