ANALISIS EPIDEMIOLOGI KEJADIAN PEDIKULOSIS KAPITIS PADA ANAK ASUH DI PANTI ASUHAN KOTA PALEMBANG

NOVATRIA, NOVATRIA / NT and Anwar, Chairil and Sitorus, Rico Januar (2019) ANALISIS EPIDEMIOLOGI KEJADIAN PEDIKULOSIS KAPITIS PADA ANAK ASUH DI PANTI ASUHAN KOTA PALEMBANG. Master thesis, Sriwijaya University.

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Abstract

Pediculosis capitis is the most common ectoparasitosis in the whole World. This disease is endemic globally in developed and developing countries that have tropical and subtropical climates Head lice are obligate blood-sucking which has the potential to cause anemia. Itching caused by flea saliva can cause children to have difficulty sleeping, disrupt the concentration of learning, resulting in a decrease in achievement at school. The spread of pediculosis capitis is supported by the fact that this disease is more often diagnosed in children from dysfunctional families, orphanages and special schools that live in dormitories. This study aims to analyze the correlation between host factors, agents and the environment with the incidence of pediculosis capitis. This study was an analitycal observational study with a cross sectional design conducted on January 2019. There Were 382 samples that had inclusion dan exclusion criteria. Data collect from anamnesis questionnaires and air examinations of respondents. The result were analyzed using chi-square and logistic regression. There were 160 respondents (41,9%) had been found positif pediculosis capitis. Statistical test showed that gender (p=0.000), personal hygiene (p=0.000), hair type (p=0.000), length of hair (p=0.000), knowledge (p=0.000), sharing common comb (p=0.000), sharing common bed (p=0.002), sharing common towel (p=0.000) and humidity (p=0.000) have significant association to the incident of pediculosis capitis. In the summary model based on negekerke value to R square, independent variables can explain the incidence of pediculosis capitis by 73.3 %. The most dominant factor in the incidence of pediculosis capitis was personal hygiene with odd ratio 8,713. The children with poor personal hygiene had risk 8,713 times to get pediculosis capitis than children with good personal hygiene.

Item Type: Thesis (Master)
Uncontrolled Keywords: pediculosis capitis, sociodemografic, personal hygiene, hair type, orphanages
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA648.5-767 Epidemics. Epidemiology. Quarantine. Disinfection
Divisions: Faculty of Public Health > 13101-Public Health Science (S2)
Depositing User: Novatria Novatria
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2019 04:04
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2019 04:04
URI: http://repository.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/3256

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