PRA RENCANA PABRIK PEMBUATAN NITROBENZENA KAPASITAS 93.000 TON/TAHUN

HADI, JANU and Ali, Farida (2018) PRA RENCANA PABRIK PEMBUATAN NITROBENZENA KAPASITAS 93.000 TON/TAHUN. Undergraduate thesis, Sriwijaya University.

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Abstract

Pabrik Nitrobenzena direncanakan berlokasi di daerah Karawang, Jawa Barat. Pabrik ini meliputi area seluas 7 (tujuh) Ha dengan kapasitas 93.000 ton per tahun. Proses pembuatan Nitrobenzena dilakukan dengan mereaksikan benzena dan asam nitrat yang berlangsung di Reaktor-01 (R-01) pada temperatur 130oC dan tekanan 16,8 atm dengan reaksi sebagai berikut : C6H6 (l) + HNO3(l) C6H5NO2(l) + H2O(l) benzena Asam Nitrat Nitrobenzena Air Crude nitrobenzena kemudian dilanjutkan dengan proses pemurnian berupa pemisahan dengan campuran asam, pencucian guna menghilangkan kandungan asam dan proses destilasi untuk memisahkan nirobenzena dengan benzena. Pabrik ini merupakan perusahaan yang berbentuk Perseroan Terbatas (PT) dengan sistem organisasi line and staff, yang dipimpin oleh seorang direktur utama dengan jumlah karyawan 128 orang. Berdasarkan hasil analisa ekonomi, maka Pabrik Pembuatan nitrobenzena ini dinyatakan layak didirikan, dengan rincian diantaranya: a. Hasil penjualan per tahun = US $ 418.500.000,0000 b. Biaya produksi per tahun = US $ 383.527.026,1822 c. Laba bersih per tahun = US$ 24.481.081,6724 d. Pay Out time = 1,5 tahun e. Rate of return on investment = 77,3681 % f. Discounted Cash Flow –ROR = 85,52 % g. Break Even Point = 35,9210 % h. Service Life = 11 tahun

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP1080-1185 Polymers and polymer manufacture > TP1180.P67.A38 Polyolefins. Nanocomposites (Materials) Fillers (Materials) TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Textiles & Polymers
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > 24201-Chemical Engineering (S1)
Depositing User: Mr. Afrizal Aziz
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2019 05:06
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2019 05:07
URI: http://repository.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/9604

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