ANALISIS RISIKO PAJANAN DEBU JATUH (DUSTFALL) TERHADAP PENYAKIT ISPA PADA PEKERJA DI UNIT PERTAMBANGAN PT. BUKIT ASAM TBK. TANJUNG ENIM TAHUN 2019

MELIASARI, ANGGI and Purba, Imelda G (2019) ANALISIS RISIKO PAJANAN DEBU JATUH (DUSTFALL) TERHADAP PENYAKIT ISPA PADA PEKERJA DI UNIT PERTAMBANGAN PT. BUKIT ASAM TBK. TANJUNG ENIM TAHUN 2019. Undergraduate thesis, Sriwijaya University.

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Abstract

Pertambangan batubara merupakan salah satu sumber polutan udara di masyarakat, tanpa disadari bahwa setiap kegiatan operasi ekplorasi, pengambilan batubara berpotensi menimbulkan pencemaran lingkungan. Pencemaran udara dihasilkan dari aktivitas penambangan batubara berupa drilling, blasting, penggalian, pengupasan, BWE, pengangkutan batubara, conveyor, crushing dan stockpile serta dari sumber yang tidak bergerak seperti incinerator dan mesin genset. Masalah yang cukup mengemuka terutama berkenaan dengan debu yang dihasilkan dari aktivitas penambangan batubara mengandung bahan kimiawi yang dapat mengakibatkan terjadinya penyakit Infeksi Saluran Pernapasan Akut (ISPA). Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif dengan desain studi cross sectional secara observasional. Pada penelitian ini sampel pada pendipilih secara simple random sampling dan jumlah sampel yang didapatkan adalah 62 responden. Data dianalisa secara univariat, bivariat dan multivariat dan disajikan dalam bentuk tabel dan diinterpretasikan dengan narasi. Penderita penyakit Infeksi Saluran Pernapasan Akut (ISPA) pada penelitian ini adalah 40,3%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada hubungan antara kadar debu jatuh (dustfall) (p = 0,027), status pendidikan (p = 0,021) dan perilaku merokok (p = 0,038) dengan kejadian penyakit Infeksi Saluran Pernapasan Akut (ISPA). Hasil analisis menunjukkan kadar debu jatuh (dustfall) adalah faktor protektif terhadap terjadinya penyakit ISPA setelah dikontrol variabel status pendidikan dan perilaku merokok. (PR; 95%CI = 6,093; 1,454-25,529). Saran dari penelitian ini diharapkan pekerja meningkatkan kebiasaan pemakaian APD terkhususnya masker dengan jenis masker chemical yang memiliki filter yang terbuat dari karbon aktif, berfungsi untuk menetralkan udara disekitar lingkungan kerja dan menghentikan kegiatan merokok di dalam ruangan kerja. Kata Kunci : Debu jatuh, Infeksi Saluran Pernapasan Akut, pekerja, pertambangan Kepustakaan : 40 (1974-2015) OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY /ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH COMMUNITY HEALTH FACULTY SRIWIJAYA UNIVERSITY Thesis, September 2019 Anggi Meliasari Risk Analysis of Dustfall Exposure to Acute Respiratory Infection in Workers in the Mining Unit of PT. Bukit Asam Tbk. Tanjung Enim in 2019 xiv + 65 pages + 17 tables + 9 pictures + 11 attachments ABSTRACT Coal mining is one of the sources of air pollutants in the community, without realizing that every exploration operations, coal extraction has the potential to cause environmental pollution. Air pollution results from coal mining activities in the form of drilling, blasting, excavation, stripping, BWE, coal transportation, conveyor, crushing and stockpile as well as from immovable sources such as incinerators and generator engines. Issues that are quite prominent especially regarding dust generated from coal mining activities containing chemical substances that can cause acute respiratory infections. This research is a quantitative study with an observational cross sectional study design. In this study the sample was selected by simple random sampling and the number of samples obtained was 62 respondents. Data were analyzed univariate, bivariate and multivariate and presented in tabular form and interpreted with narration. Patients with Acute Respiratory Infection in this study were 40.3%. The results showed there was a relationship between levels of dustfall (p = 0.027), educational status (p = 0.021) and smoking behavior (p = 0.038) with the incidence of acute respiratory infections. The results of the analysis show the level of dust fall (dustfall) is a protective factor against the occurrence of Acute Respiratory Infection after being controlled by educational status variables and smoking behavior. (PR; 95%CI = 6,093; 1,454-25,529). Suggestions from this study are expected to improve the habits of PPE workers, especially masks with a type of chemical mask that has a filter made of activated carbon, serves to neutralize the air around the work environment and stop smoking in the workspace. Keywords : Dustfall, Acute Respiratory Infection, workers, mining The reading list : 40 (1974-2015)

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Debu jatuh, Infeksi Saluran Pernapasan Akut, pekerja, pertambangan
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA565-600 Environmental health. Including sewage disposal, air pollution, nuisances,
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA643-645 Disease (Communicable and noninfectious) and public health
Divisions: 10-Faculty of Public Health > 13201-Public Health (S1)
Depositing User: Anggi Meliasari
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2019 03:27
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 03:27
URI: http://repository.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/11424

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