Diversity and Kinship of the Swamp Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) from Pampangan South Sumatra Based On Morphological Characteristics

Windusari, Yuanita and Hanum, Laila and Pratama, Rahmat (2016) Diversity and Kinship of the Swamp Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) from Pampangan South Sumatra Based On Morphological Characteristics. Sriwijaya Journal of Environment, 1 (3). pp. 53-57. ISSN 2527-3809

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Abstract

Previous studies have found four variant of swamp buffalo in the region of Pampangan based on the characteristics of habitats and morphology namely black buffalo, red,belang, and Lampung. Hence done observation to know the diversity and the kinship relation based on morphological characteristics. A method of on farm was done to data characterization and morphology. Data was analyzed using NTSys ver.2.1 and presented in dendrogram. Cluster analysis done with un-weighted pair-grup method with arithmetic averaging (UPGMA) with a coefficient similarities. The results show that morphology between variant buffalo that in eye color, the color of body, body size, or shapes and sizes horns. Buffalo belang having a dark eyes, the body white ribbed and light. Buffalo black having a black eyes and black body. Buffalo red having a red eyes, the body a red light colored (blonde). Buffalo Lampung allegedly is introduce from Lampung area, adapt and married with a local buffalo. The red buffalo having red eyes, like a black buffalo but shorter size with curved horns the way down. The results of the analysis kinship based on morphological characteristics show buffalo black and buffalo Lampung allegedly came from a single characterized by value a correlation coefficient of 0,85. Inbreeding and adaptation factors believed to cause different the phenotype and morphology. Buffalo red having scarlet kinship the lowest is as much as 0,57 and predicted to have an ancestor different. Based on these results can be expressed variant swamp buffalo of regional Pampangan tending to low and the difference in the phenotype of influenced inbreeding and adaptation to the environment

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: 08-Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science > 46101-Biology (S2)
Depositing User: Dr. Yuanita Windusari
Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2019 06:18
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2019 06:18
URI: http://repository.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/14055

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