HUBUNGAN OBESITAS DENGAN KEJADIAN HIPERTENSI PADA PENDUDUK USIA ≥ 18 TAHUN DI INDONESIA (STUDI KOHORT ANALISIS DATA IFLS 2007-2014)

SURANTI, DEWIE and Mutahar, Rini (2019) HUBUNGAN OBESITAS DENGAN KEJADIAN HIPERTENSI PADA PENDUDUK USIA ≥ 18 TAHUN DI INDONESIA (STUDI KOHORT ANALISIS DATA IFLS 2007-2014). Undergraduate thesis, Sriwijaya University.

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Abstract

Non-communicable diseases are the leading cause of death in the world. Hypertension is the most common cause of cardiovascular disease in developed and developing countries. Hypertension is a circulatory system disorder characterized by an increase in blood pressure above normal, i.e. ≥ 140 mmHg in systolic blood pressure and ≥ 90 mmHg in diastolic blood pressure. Obesity is the most dominant risk factor in influencing the incidence of hypertension. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of obesity to the incidence of hypertension in people aged ≥ 18 years in Indonesia. This study used a retrospective cohort study design using 2007 and 2014 IFLS data. The method of sampling was multistage random sampling. The sample used amounted to 9.502 respondents who were in accordance with the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The analysis was carried out using a complex sample. In bivariate analysis using the chi-square test and multivariate analysis using multiple logistic regression tests. The prevalence of obesity is 10,1% and hypertension is 22,8%. The results of this study indicate that there is a relationship between obesity and the incidence of hypertension. Obesity can increase the risk of hypertension in people aged ≥ 18 years in Indonesia by 1,816 times compared to non-obese after being controlled by variables of age, education, employment, smoking status, and fat consumption (p-value = <0,001; RRAdjusted = 1,816; 95% CI = 1,563-2,110). This shows that hypertension is caused by multi-causal. Therefore it is necessary to develop and strengthen the activity of early detection (screening) of hypertension actively and increase public access to early detection services through Posbindu PTM activities. For the government it is recommended to increase public service advertisements so that information about the Healthy Lifestyle program in an effort to prevent and control hypertension can spread throughout the community.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Obesitas, Hipertensi, IFLS
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R5-920 Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA565-600 Environmental health. Including sewage disposal, air pollution, nuisances,
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA773-788 Personal health and hygiene. Including clothing, bathing, exercise, travel, nutrition,
Divisions: 10-Faculty of Public Health > 13201-Public Health (S1)
Depositing User: Users 340 not found.
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2019 08:18
Last Modified: 07 Aug 2019 08:18
URI: http://repository.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/2832

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