Habitat Characteristics, Diversity, and Pattern of Distribution of Anopheles sp Larvae in The Ogan Komering Ilir Distric, South Sumatra

Windusari, Yuanita and Fajar, Nur Alam and Putri, Dini Arista and Hanum, Laila and Febriyanti, Fitra (2019) Habitat Characteristics, Diversity, and Pattern of Distribution of Anopheles sp Larvae in The Ogan Komering Ilir Distric, South Sumatra. EAI.

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Official URL: https://eudl.eu/proceedings/ICER-PH/2018

Abstract

Malaria is induced by a parasitic infection of Plasmodium that lives and multiplies in infected red blood cells. As vector of malaria, the presence of Anopheles sp is governed by biotic and abiotic environmental conditions. The research was carried out to determine the habitat characteristics and pre-adult distribution of Anopheles sp in Kemelak Bindung Langit Village, Ogan Komering Ulu District. The selected location was based on purposive sampling method and observational. The water temperature in the recorded habitat ranges between 28-31oC, pH ranges from 5-6, and humidity is 60% - 70%. The collected larvae were put into glasses to be tamed in laboratory. Identification was done after adult mosquitoes. The results show that the habitat favoured by Anopheles sp was waters that were overgrown with water plants. In natural habitats, the development of larvae is limited by the presence of predators such as water fleas, dragonfly larvae, tadpoles, and fish, and is affected by the flow of water. The morisita index analysis shows the distribution pattern of Anopheles sp at the sampling location is uniform. It was concluded that the habitat in the Bindung Langit Village, Ogan Komering Ulu District, South Sumatra had characteristics suitable for the breeding of Anopheles sp larvae. Temperature and humidity in the region create comfortable conditions for larvae and potentially increase the Anopheles sp population.

Item Type: Other
Uncontrolled Keywords: anopheles sp malaria endemic parasite infection habitat
Subjects: #3 Repository of Lecturer Academic Credit Systems (TPAK) > Results of Peer Review
Divisions: 10-Faculty of Public Health > 13201-Public Health (S1)
Depositing User: Dr. Yuanita Windusari
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2020 03:37
Last Modified: 21 Mar 2020 03:37
URI: http://repository.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/28464

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