ANALISIS HUBUNGAN FAKTOR MANUSIA DENGAN KECELAKAAN SEPEDA MOTOR PADA MAHASISWA UNIVERSITAS SRIWIJAYA DI INDRALAYA

PRABU, GUSTRIA and Andarini, Desheila (2020) ANALISIS HUBUNGAN FAKTOR MANUSIA DENGAN KECELAKAAN SEPEDA MOTOR PADA MAHASISWA UNIVERSITAS SRIWIJAYA DI INDRALAYA. Undergraduate thesis, Sriwijaya University.

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Abstract

Traffic accidents are one of the main public health problems at the global, regional and national levels. Motorcycle riders accounted for 23% of the causes of traffic accidents. The cause of traffic accidents is 90% caused by human factors that interact with other components. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between human factors and motorcycle accidents in Sriwijaya University college students in Indralaya. This study used a cross-sectional design. This research was conducted with 130 samples in Sriwijaya University. The sampling technique uses cluster sampling technique. Data was collected by interviewing questionnaires and observation sheets, which were then analyzed using the Chi Square test with a significance level of 5%. The results obtained as many as 76.2% of college students had experienced a motorcycle accident, the most common cause was the human factor (48.5%), the most received minor injuries (66.9%), as many as 73.1% had a SIM C and driving time> 5 years (71.5%). Rider’s knowledge in good category (92.3%), poor rider’s skills (83.1%), rider’s good behaviour (58.5%), physical condition of good rider (66.2%), completeness of incomplete PPE (93.8%) and completeness of complete motorcycle (63.8%). Based on the Chi Square test knowledge (P-value = 0.249), rider’s skills (P-value = 0,000), rider’s behavior (P-value = 0,000), physical condition of the rider (P-value = 0.661), PPE completeness (P- value = 1,000) and completeness of the motorcycle (P-value = 0.762). Motorcycle accidents in college students can be minimized through the "Police goes to campus" program, which is a socialization activity and safety riding training that cooperate with the police and also do supervision to the college students behaviors while riding inside or outside the campus environment and college student are expected to complete needs before riding (PPE, motorcycle components, driving license and vehicle registration). Keywords : Motorcycle accidents, College student, Human factors ABSTRAK Kecelakaan lalu lintas merupakan salah satu masalah kesehatan masyarakat yang utama di tingkat global, regional dan nasional. Pengendara sepeda motor menyumbang 23% penyebab kecelakaan lalu lintas. Penyebab kecelakaan lalu lintas 90% disebabkan oleh faktor manusia yang berinteraksi dengan komponen lainnya. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis hubungan faktor manusia dengan kecelakaan sepeda motor pada mahasiswa Universitas Sriwijaya di Indralaya. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross-sectional. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan 130 sampel yang berada di Universitas Sriwijaya. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan teknik Cluster Sampling. Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan cara wawancara kuesioner dan lembar observasi, yang kemudian dilakukan analisis menggunakan uji Chi Square dengan tingkat kemaknaan 5%. Hasil penelitian didapatkan bahwa sebanyak 76,2% mahasiswa pernah mengalami kecelakaan sepeda motor, penyebab paling banyak adalah faktor manusia (48,5%), luka ringan dampak yang paling banyak dirasakan (66,9%), sebanyak 73,1% telah memiliki SIM C dan masa berkendara > 5 tahun sebanyak (71,5%). Pengetahuan pengendara dengan kategori baik (92,3%), keterampilan pengendaran yang buruk (83,1%), perilaku pengendara yang baik (58,5%), kondisi kesehatan fisik pengendara yang baik (66,2%), kelengkapan APD yang tidak lengkap (93,8%) dan kelengkapan sepeda motor yang lengkap (63,8%). Berdasarkan uji Chi Square didapatkan pengetahuan (P-value= 0,249), keterampilan pengendara (P-value=0,000), perilaku pengendara (P-value=0,000), kondisi fisik pengendara (P-value=0,661), kelengkapan APD (P-value=1,000) dan kelengkapan motor (P-value=0,762). Kecelakaan sepeda motor pada mahasiswa dapat diminimalisir dengan melalui program “Police goes to Campus” yaitu kegiatan sosialisasi dan latihan safety riding yang bekerja sama dengan pihak kepolisian serta melakukan pengawasan terhadap perilaku mahasiswa selama berkendara baik di lingkungan kampus ataupun diluar lingkungan kampus dan diharapkan mahasiswa untuk selalu melengkapi kebutuhan sebelum berkendara (APD, komponen sepeda motor, SIM dan STNK). Kata Kunci : Kecelakaan Sepeda Motor, Mahasiswa, Faktor Manusia

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kecelakaan Sepeda Motor, Mahasiswa, Faktor Manusia
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare > HV675-677 Accidents. Prevention of accidents
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Public Health > 13201-Public Health (S1)
Depositing User: Gustria Prabu
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2020 02:53
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2020 02:53
URI: http://repository.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/35328

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