KARAKTERISTIK GAMBARAN LESI TB PARU MULTIDRUG-RESISTANT (MDR) PADA FOTO TORAKS DI RSUP DR. MOHAMMAD HOESIN

FADLILAH, MAREN IRGIWI and Faisal, Raden Muhammad and Suciati, Tri (2021) KARAKTERISTIK GAMBARAN LESI TB PARU MULTIDRUG-RESISTANT (MDR) PADA FOTO TORAKS DI RSUP DR. MOHAMMAD HOESIN. Undergraduate thesis, Sriwijaya University.

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Abstract

Introduction. Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR) is a TB infection due to Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which is resistant to the two most efficient anti-tuberculosis (OAT) drugs, called rifampin and iproniazid, along with or without other types of anti-tuberculosis (OAT) drugs. The diagnosis of TB can be settled through anamnesis, physical examination, and supporting examinations, such as radiological examinations in the form of chest X-rays, bacteriological examinations, and drug sensitivity testing (Xpert TB / RIF). Pathophysiology of MDR TB is a TB germ that has a mutation, creating destruction to tissue and lesions of the lungs. Lung lesions can be seen practically on chest X-ray without an invasive action. Meanwhile, TB chest radiograph can be seen from lung parenchymal lesions, pleural lesions, and mediastinal lesions. No descriptive study was found regarding the characteristic of MDR pulmonary TB lesions features on chest X-ray at RSUP. Dr. Mohammad Hoesin, making that as the background of this research. Method. This study used a descriptive type of research with a cross-sectional design to see the MDR pulmonary TB lesion's characteristics on chest X-ray at Dr. Mohammad Hoesin. It uses a population of all patients diagnosed with MDR pulmonary tuberculosis in the Medical Record Installation of Dr. Mohammad Hoesin 1 January 2018-31 December 2019 with a purposive sampling method that meets the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Result. The most extensive age range in MDR pulmonary TB patients was 26-33 years, as many as 15 people (24.2%). More men suffers than women, namely 39 (62.9%) men and 23 (37.1%) women. Most of the MDR pulmonary tuberculosis patients were unemployed, namely 26 people (41.9%). The lesion area in MDR pulmonary TB was dominant with highly advanced lesions as much as 58.1%. The dominant lesions were consolidated lesions, as much as 82.3%, followed by fibrotic lesions, 72.6%, and pleural thickening, as much as 64.5% Conclusion. The age range most exposed to MDR pulmonary TB was 26-33 years, namely 24.2%. The male gender suffers more from MDR pulmonary TB than women. The non-working category was the dominant category for MDR pulmonary TB patients, which was 41.9%. The lesion area in MDR TB was dominant, which was high-level, as much as 58.7%. The dominant lesions in MDR TB were consolidated lesions, followed by fibrotic lesions and pleural thickening. Keywords: Chest X-Ray, TB MDR

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chest X-Ray, TB MDR
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R895-920 Medical physics. Medical radiology. Nuclear medicine
Divisions: 04-Faculty of Medicine > 11201-Medicine (S1)
Depositing User: Users 10086 not found.
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2021 05:15
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2021 05:15
URI: http://repository.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/40612

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