PROSES KONTINU TRANSESTERIFIKASI RBDPO MENJADI BIODISEL DENGAN KATALIS MgO/KCl/Na2O PADA REAKTOR UNGGUN TETAP

PURBA, ROBEKCA and Bustan, M. Djoni and Haryati, Sri (2021) PROSES KONTINU TRANSESTERIFIKASI RBDPO MENJADI BIODISEL DENGAN KATALIS MgO/KCl/Na2O PADA REAKTOR UNGGUN TETAP. Master thesis, Sriwijaya University.

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Abstract

This study is analyzing the effect of using MgO/KCl/Na2O as heterogeneous catalysts on the resulting fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) composition and analyzing the effect of time variables on the resulting fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) composition. Impregnation and calcination methods are using in the process of producing catalysts in this study. The catalyst in this study characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope –energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS). This study uses a fixed bed reactor with a continuous process to produce biodiesel. This study analyzing four samples of biodiesel based on transesterification time: 45, 60, 75, and 90 minutes using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GCMS). The GCMS analysis proves that the biodiesel in this study is 100% fatty acid methyl ester. Consist of methyl palmitate, methyl linoleate, methyl oleate, and methyl stearate. The maximum reaction time to produce biodiesel is in the transesterification condition of 90 minutes. The use of heterogeneous catalysts MgO/KCl /Na2O was significantly successful in producing biodiesel containing 100% volume of fatty acid methyl ester (FAME).

Item Type: Thesis (Master)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel, katalis heterogen, Fatty acid methyl ester (FAME), XRD, GCMS, RBDPO, SEM-EDS
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP1-1185 Chemical technology > TP159.C3.A348 Catalysts. TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > 24101-Chemical Engineering (S2)
Depositing User: Robekca Purba
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2021 03:36
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2021 03:45
URI: http://repository.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/40697

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