PERBEDAAN KEMAMPUAN MASTIKASI ANTAR KATEGORI INDEKS MASSA TUBUH PADA MAHASISWA UNIVERSITAS SRIWIJAYA

SETIADI, R. IRWIN and Chairani, Shanty and Purba, Rani (2018) PERBEDAAN KEMAMPUAN MASTIKASI ANTAR KATEGORI INDEKS MASSA TUBUH PADA MAHASISWA UNIVERSITAS SRIWIJAYA. Undergraduate thesis, Sriwijaya University.

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Abstract

Background: Mastication is a process to breakdown the food into smaller particles, thus form an adequate bolus to be swallowed. There are several factors that can affect the masticatory performance including bite force. Recent study reported low bite force was found in underweight and overweight/obese individual. The aim of the present study was to compare the masticatory performance between each category of body mass index (BMI). Method: A number of 60 students of Universitas Sriwijaya, age ranged 21-25 years were participated. Subjects divided into group I (underweight), group II (normal weight), and group II (overweight/obese) based on BMI. Masticatory performance was assessed using the sieves method. Each subject was instructed to chew 3 gram peanuts for 20 masticatory strokes. This procedure was repeated for three times. The masticated food particles were filtered over a 10-mesh sieve. The percentage of masticatory performance was obtained by the volume of peanut particles passed through the sieve divided by the volume of total particles and multiplied by 100%. Result: The results were submitted to one-way ANOVA and post hoc Bonferroni analysis (α=0.05). The highest masticatory performance score was in normal weight group (39,05%), followed by overweight/obese (31,27%) and underweight group (27,93%), respectively. There was a significant difference in masticatory performance between underweight and normal weight group (p>0,05). Conclusion: Normal weight individual presented the highest masticatory performance among the individual with another BMI category.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Body mass index, masticatory performance, sieves method
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry > RK1-715 Dentistry
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > 12201-Dentistry (S1)
Depositing User: Mrs Furika Furika
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2019 06:18
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2019 06:18
URI: http://repository.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/4636

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