Environmental and Socioeconomics Factors Associated with Cases of Cinical Filariasis in Banyuasin District of South Sumatera, Indonesia

sapada, Edi and Anwar, Chairil and Salni, Salni and Priadi, Dwi Putro Environmental and Socioeconomics Factors Associated with Cases of Cinical Filariasis in Banyuasin District of South Sumatera, Indonesia. Environmental and Socioeconomics Factors Associated with Cases of Cinical Filariasis in Banyuasin District of South Sumatera, Indonesia, 7 (6). pp. 132-145. ISSN 1840-4529

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Abstract

Background: Filariasis is a tropical chronic desease due to microfilariae and spread by mosquitoes bites of Aedes, Mansonia, Anopheles, Culex and Armigeres. In the year of 2012 there was 142 cases of clinical filariasis in Banyuasin districts. The case of filariasis spread by many environmental factors especially swamp water and pool area with many water plants. The other factors are socio-economics and behavioral community. Aim and Objectives: The objectives of the research was to determine the environmental factors, such as swamp or pool in Banyuasin districts, and socio-economic factors that may cause of filariasis. Methods : This research was an analytic survey approach with a case control study. The population of this research were all of a case of filariasis in Banyuasin districs in 2012. The cases of these research and the controls were 132 respondents. The ratio of cases to the controls were 1: 1. The Data was taken by observation and interview. After the collect the data, it was analyzed by using the chi-square test and logistic regression. Results : Bivariate analysis by chi-square test showed that from 6 variables, there were 3 variables were probes to be the risk factors of filariasis at Banyuasin districts, which are: existance of swamp or pool water area with p value = 0.004 and OR = 4.348 , education of the respondent with p value = 0.034 and OR = 5.714, the level of knowledge with p value = 0.003 and OR = 4.667. Conclusion : Environmental factors with many water plants such as swamp or pool water area, the education and level of knowledge may cause of filariasis. It is necessary to perform health promotion and extend the information related to filariasis.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions: 08-Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science > 46201-Biology (S1)
Depositing User: Salni Salni
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2021 06:45
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2021 06:45
URI: http://repository.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/48232

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