DETERMINAN KECEMASAN PADA TENAGA KESEHATAN SELAMA PANDEMI CORONAVIRUS DISEASE 2019 (COVID-19) DI KOTA PALEMBANG TAHUN 2021

OKTAREZA, DIAH and Sitorus, Rico Januar (2021) DETERMINAN KECEMASAN PADA TENAGA KESEHATAN SELAMA PANDEMI CORONAVIRUS DISEASE 2019 (COVID-19) DI KOTA PALEMBANG TAHUN 2021. Undergraduate thesis, Sriwijaya University.

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Abstract

EPIDEMIOLOGI FAKULTAS KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT UNIVERSITAS SRIWIJAYA Skripsi, Juli 2021 Diah Oktareza DETERMINAN KECEMASAN PADA TENAGA KESEHATAN SELAMA PANDEMI CORONAVIRUS DISEASE 2019 (COVID-19) DI KOTA PALEMBANG TAHUN 2021 xviii + 100 halaman, 33 tabel, 4 gambar, 9 lampiran ABSTRAK Angka kasus Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) masih meningkat. Tenaga kesehatan menjadi garda depan dalam pengendalian COVID-19 dan yang paling rentan untuk tertular. Ibukota provinsi Sumatera Selatan, kota Palembang, menjadi daerah dengan kasus konfirmasi tertinggi. Dampak yang ditimbulkan bukan hanya dampak fisik, namun juga berdampak pada kesehatan mental yaitu mengalami cemas. Hal ini disebabkan berbagai faktor, salah satunya belum memadai alat pelindung diri (APD) sesuai standar. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui determinan yang mempengaruhi kecemasan pada tenaga kesehatan selama pandemi COVID-19 di Kota Palembang Tahun 2021. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian kuantitatif dengan desain studi cross sectional. Sampel penelitian adalah tenaga kesehatan aktif di Kota Palembang dengan usia 20-60 tahun sebanyak 374 orang. Teknik pengambilan sampel adalah purposive sampling. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis secara univariat, bivariat dan multivariat dengan uji regresi logistik ganda model prediksi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan antara jenis kelamin (p-value = 0,009), dukungan sosial (p-value = 0,029) dan ketersediaan alat pelindung diri (APD) (p-value = 0,000) terhadap kecemasan. Sedangkan usia, status tinggal, jenis ketenagaan, durasi jam kerja, shift kerja dan riwayat kontak dengan pasien COVID-19 tidak berhubungan dengan kecemasan. Hasil analisis multivariat menunjukkan jenis kelamin dan ketersediaan APD secara bermakna memiliki hubungan dengan kecemasan. Variabel ketersediaan APD merupakan faktor yang paling berpengaruh terhadap kecemasan pada tenaga kesehatan selama pandemi COVID-19 di Kota Palembang tahun 2021 (PR = 7,140 ; 95% CI = 2,604 – 19,578). Diperlukan adanya kerja sama dari berbagai pihak, termasuk pemerintah dalam memberikan dukungan psikologi serta menyediakan bantuan dan fasilitas terkait Alat Pelindung Diri (APD) yang telah disesuaikan dengan standar dan risiko bahaya di tempat kerja agar memberikan rasa aman dalam bekerja dan mengurangi risiko terjadinya kecemasan pada tenaga kesehatan. Kata Kunci : Kecemasan, Tenaga Kesehatan, COVID-19, Kota Palembang Kepustakaan : 70 (2000 – 2021) EPIDEMIOLOGY FACULTY OF PUBLIC HEALTH UNIVERSITY OF SRIWIJAYA SKRIPSI, July 2021 Diah Oktareza DETERMINANTS OF ANXIETY IN HEALTH CARE WORKERS DURING THE CORONAVIRUS DISEASE 2019 (COVID-19) PANDEMIC IN PALEMBANG, 2021 xviii + 100 page, 33 table, 4 picture, 9 attachment ABSTRACT The number of coronavirus disease cases in 2019 (COVID-19) is still increasing. Health workers are at the forefront of COVID-19 control and are most vulnerable to contracting it. The provincial capital of South Sumatra, Palembang, became the area with the highest confirmed case. The impact is not only physical, but also impacts on mental health such as anxiety. This is due to various factors, one of which is not adequate personal protective equipment (PPE) according to standards. The purpose of this study is to find out the determinants that affect anxiety in health workers during the COVID-19 pandemic in Palembang in 2021. This type of research is quantitative research with cross sectional study design. The research sample is an active health worker in Palembang with the age of 20-60 years with a total of 374 people. Sampling technique is purposive sampling. Data analysis used is univariate, bivariate and multivariate analysis with double logistic regression test of prediction model. The results showed that there was a relationship between the gender (p-value = 0.009), social support (p-value = 0.029) and the availability of personal protective equipment (PPE) (p-value = 0.000) against anxiety. While age, status of residence, type of profession, duration of working hours, shift work and history of contact with COVID-19 patients are not related to anxiety. The results of the multivariate analysis showed the gender and availability of PPE meaningfully had a relationship with anxiety. Variable availability of PPE is the most influential factor in anxiety in health workers during the COVID-19 pandemic in Palembang (PR = 7,140 ; 95% CI = 2,604 – 19,578). Cooperation from various parties, including the government is needed in providing psychological support and providing assistance and facilities related to Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) that have been adapted to standards and risks of hazards in the workplace in order to provide a sense of security at work and reduce the risk of anxiety in health workers. Keywords : Anxiety, Health Workers, COVID-19, Palembang City Bibliography : 70 (2000 – 2021)

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kecemasan, Tenaga Kesehatan, COVID-19, Kota Palembang
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA790-790.95 Mental health. Mental illness prevention
Divisions: 10-Faculty of Public Health > 13201-Public Health (S1)
Depositing User: Diah Oktareza
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2021 02:07
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2021 02:07
URI: http://repository.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/52347

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