PERILAKU MAKAN GAJAH SUMATERA (ELEPHAS MAXIMUS SUMATRANUS) DI PUSAT LATIHAN GAJAH SUAKA MARGASATWA PADANG SUGIHAN PROVINSI SUMATERA SELATAN

SARI, MEILYNDA ATIKA and Yustian, Indra and Setiawan, Doni (2021) PERILAKU MAKAN GAJAH SUMATERA (ELEPHAS MAXIMUS SUMATRANUS) DI PUSAT LATIHAN GAJAH SUAKA MARGASATWA PADANG SUGIHAN PROVINSI SUMATERA SELATAN. Undergraduate thesis, Sriwijaya University.

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Abstract

Abstract : The Sumatran elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus) is one of the large mammals owned by Indonesia and is included in the protected endangered species according to the Regulation of the Minister of Environment and Forestry of the Republic of Indonesia No.P.106/MENLHK/SETJRN/KUM.1/6/2018. The Padang Sugihan Wildlife Sanctuary (SM) Elephant Training Center is a conservation area that is different from the natural habitat of elephants. Research on elephant eating behavior at PLG SM Padang Sugihan is still minimal, so further research is needed that focuses on elephant eating behavior. The study used a qualitative descriptive method with ad libitum sampling technique. Observation of feeding behavior was carried out by following the elephant with the mahout to measure the percentage of feeding based on 5 observation parameters by observing the frequency or number of times the elephant pulled the feed with the trunk (TB), stepped on the feed with the foot (II), broke the feed with the foot (MI), cleaned feed with trunk (BB) and put feed into the mouth (SM) at intervals of 5 minutes for 10 hours per day at 07:00-17:00 WIB for 14 days. The objects of observation were six Sumatran elephants in PLG SM Padang Sugihan, namely: one dominant male elephant (Tulus, 27 years old), one dominant female elephant (Lina, 25 years old), one sub dominant male elephant (Gani, 19 years old). , one sub-dominant female elephant (Elsa, 22 years), one male elephant calf (Felice, 5 years), and one female elephant calf (Sabil, 2 years). The results showed that the eating behavior of the Sumatran elephant (Elephas maximus sumateranus) at the Elephant Training Center SM Padang Sugihan led to 3 repeated feeding activities, namely pulling feed with the trunk (TB), cleaning feed with trunk (BB), and putting food into the mouth (SM). ) with the highest average frequency of feeding behavior owned by dominant male elephants as much as 5750 times and the smallest being owned by female elephants with 1016 times. The percentage of eating behavior of Sumatran elephants at the Padang Sugihan SM Elephant Training Center is influenced by differences in age, body size, sex and grazing habitat conditions. Keywords: elephant, Sumatra, eating behavior, elephant training center. Abstrak : Gajah Sumatera (Elephas maximus sumatranus) merupakan salah satu mamalia besar yang dimiliki Indonesia dan termasuk kedalam satwa langka dilindungi menurut Peraturan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan Republik Indonesia No.P.106/MENLHK/SETJRN/KUM.1/6/2018. Pusat Latihan Gajah Suaka Margasatwa (SM) Padang Sugihan merupakan kawasan konservasi yang berbeda dengan habitat alami gajah. Penelitian mengenai perilaku makan gajah di PLG SM Padang Sugihan masih minim sehingga diperlukan penelitian lebih lanjut yang fokus pada perilaku makan gajah. Penelitian menggunakan metode deskriptif kualitatif dengan teknik ad libitum sampling. Pengamatan perilaku makan dilakukan dengan mengikuti gajah bersama mahout untuk mengukur persentase makan berdasarkan 5 parameter pengamatan dengan cara mengamati frekuensi atau berapa kali gajah menarik pakan dengan belalai (TB), menginjak pakan dengan kaki (II), mematahkan pakan dengan kaki (MI), membersihkan pakan dengan belalai (BB) dan memasukkan pakan kedalam mulut (SM) dengan interval waktu 5 menit selama 10 jam per hari pada pukul 07:00-17:00 WIB dilakukan selama 14 hari. Objek pengamatan adalah enam ekor gajah Sumatera yang ada di PLG SM Padang Sugihan, yaitu: satu gajah jantan dominan (Tulus, 27 tahun), satu gajah betina dominan (Lina, 25 tahun), satu gajah jantan sub dominan (Gani, 19 Tahun), satu gajah betina sub dominan (Elsa, 22 Tahun), satu anakan gajah jantan (Felice, 5 tahun), dan satu gajah betina anakan (Sabil, 2 tahun). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Perilaku makan gajah Sumatera (Elephas maximus sumateranus) di Pusat Latihan Gajah SM Padang Sugihan memunculkan 3 kegiatan makan secara berulang yaitu Menarik pakan dengan belalai (TB), Membersihkan Pakan dengan belalai (BB), dan Memasukkan pakan kedalam mulut (SM) dengan Frekuensi Rata-rata Perilaku makan paling besar dimiliki oleh gajah jantan dominan sebanyak 5750 kali dan paling kecil dimiliki gajah betina anakan sebanyak 1016 kali. Persentase Perilaku Makan gajah Sumatera di Pusat Latihan Gajah SM Padang Sugihan dipengaruhi oleh perbedaan usia, ukuran tubuh, jenis kelamin dan kondisi habitat pengembalaan. Kata Kunci: gajah, Sumatera, perilaku makan, pusat latihan gajah.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gajah Sumatera, Perilaku Makan, Pusat Latihan Gajah
Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology > QL750-795 Animal behavior
Divisions: 08-Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science > 46201-Biology (S1)
Depositing User: Meilynda Atika Sari
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2021 06:28
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2021 06:28
URI: http://repository.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/58321

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