CUSTOMARY FORESTS AND CONSERVATION

Heydir, Laurel (2017) CUSTOMARY FORESTS AND CONSERVATION. In: Conservation and Indigenous People. White Paper, 3 (3). Winrock International / USAID / The Indonesian Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Jakarta, pp. 73-109. ISBN 978-602-52664-1-6

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Abstract

This paper elaborates on aspects associated with the phenomenon of customary forests managed by indigenous communities. There are three aspects closely related to the phenomenon of customary forests: the social aspect (indigenous community), the territorial aspect (indigenous territory), and the legal aspect (customary law). Through a sectoral approach, these three aspects are regulated by different sectoral regimes. A cross-sectoral arrangement is often problematic in Indonesia because of the existence of government ego-sectors which hamper communication and coordination among those sectors. Conservation is a forest function that acts in addition to protection and production functions. Customary forests are constitutionally eligible to participate in natural/forest resource management. However, in the field, socio-cultural changes convert community members from a simple communal life toward more individualistic and materialistic lifestyles, which in turn lead to a gluttonous attitude to forest resource exploitation. This change in community perspective is the root of the threat to forest conservation and protection functions. Key Words: Customary Forest, Conservation, Coordination, Ego-Sectors

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General) > G7400-8198.54 Asia
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences > GE170-190 Environmental policy
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography > GF127 Rural settlements. Rural geography
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography > GF51 Environmental influences on humans
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography > GF75 Human influences on the environment
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology > GN301-674 Ethnology. Social and cultural anthropology
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology > GN357-367 Culture and cultural processes Including social change, structuralism, diffusion, etc.
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology > GN478-491.7 Social organization
K Law > K Law (General) > K1700-1973 Social legislation
K Law > K Law (General) > K190-195 Ethnological jurisprudence. Primitive law
K Law > K Law (General) > K237-264 The concept of law
K Law > K Law (General) > K3169 The state
K Law > K Law (General) > K3220 Public policy
K Law > K Law (General) > K3581-(3598) Environmental law
K Law > K Law (General) > K486-487 Relation of law to other topics
K Law > K Law (General) > K7585-7595 Social legislation
K Law > K Law (General) > K85-89 Legal research
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General) > S900-(972) Conservation of natural resources Including land conservation
S Agriculture > SD Forestry > SD1-669.5 Forestry
S Agriculture > SD Forestry > SD411-428 Conservation and protection. Including forest influences, damage by elements, fires, forest reserves
Divisions: 02-Faculty of Law > 74201-Law (S1)
Depositing User: Laurel Heydir
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2022 22:09
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2022 04:22
URI: http://repository.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/67364

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