PREVALENSI, FAKTOR RISIKO DAN PENYEBAB KATARAK PADA PENDUDUK USIA > 40 TAHUN DI KECAMATAN GANDUS PALEMBANG TAHUN 2012

RITONGA, NORA BUDINA ABDINESIA and Tribowo, Anang and Bahar, Erial (2013) PREVALENSI, FAKTOR RISIKO DAN PENYEBAB KATARAK PADA PENDUDUK USIA > 40 TAHUN DI KECAMATAN GANDUS PALEMBANG TAHUN 2012. Undergraduate thesis, Sriwijaya University.

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Abstract

Background: Cataract is at least 50% the blindness caused In the world, especially in the developing countries. In 2002, WHO estimates that cataract is the caused of more than 17 miilon(47.8%) reversible blindness from 37 million people that suffer from blindness in the world, and this number keep on increasing to around 40 million in 2020. Based on the survey conducted by Kesehatan Rumah Tangga Survei Kesehatan Nasional (SKRT-SURKESNAS) in 2001 shown the Indonesia cataract prevalence rate is 4,99%. Method: This study used analytics survey methods with cross sectional design, that conducted in Gandussubdistrict in Palembang city with the 80 people as the respondent. Data analysis using chi-square and T-test to find the cataract prevalence in Gandus subdistrict and to find the relations of cataract incidence with age, gender, occupational, family history, smoking history, eye infections, oculi trauma, miopy, hypertension, DM, BMI, UV light, and drugs used and using the logistic regression test on multivariate analysis. Result:Based on the study, the cataract prevalence is 73.8%. sampel with age more than 50 that suffer from cataract is 90.6% more than people with age less than 50. Proven relations between age and cataract is found (p=0.000). proven relations between cataract and alcohol consumption is also founded (p=0,032). No relations found between cataract and gender, occupation, family history, smoking history, eye infections, oculi trauma, myopi, hypertension, DM, BMI, UV radiations, and drugs used. In multivariate analysis, the most proven relations between age and alcohol consumption is age with 90%. ConcIusion:Cataract prevalence in Gandussubdistrict is 73.8%, more cases found in age more than 50 years compared to age less than 50 years.Proven relations was found between cataract and age, and alcohol consumption. In Multivariate analysis, the most proven relations between cataract and age and gender is age factor

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Prevalence, Risk Factor, Cataract, Gandus Sub-district
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology > RE91-912 Particular diseases of the eye
Divisions: 04-Faculty of Medicine > 11201-Medicine (S1)
Depositing User: Mrs Furika Furika
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2022 05:23
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2022 05:23
URI: http://repository.unsri.ac.id/id/eprint/82437

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